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2015年09月29日 09:14:50

2015年9月29日   星期二   阴  雾霾

    昨日召开全室会,六位同志在会上交流了他们的教研心得,他们从不同方面不同角度谈了近期工作的所见、所想,两位主任对交流情况进行了详尽的小结。六位同志的心得来自于实际,所见为真、所思为实,且都提出了解决这些问题的思路或方法,真正起到了相互交流、相互启发、共同提高的作用。

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2015年09月11日 16:58:19

农村学校不宜作为新教师试验田

近年来,从各地发布的中小学教师招聘岗位信息来看,除高中、县城学校个别紧缺型学科列有计划外,其他都是农村中小学教学岗位。

        城区学校是如何补充教师的呢?各地通常的做法,是通过考试从农村学校教师队伍中选调。

    县城学校从农村选调教师,对县域教师队伍建设有着积极的意义:一是规范教师调动秩序。由于位置偏远、生活不便、条件艰苦等原因,农村学校教师希望调到县城工作,本来无可厚非,但在机制不健全的情况下,一些人靠走后门、拉关系来达到目的,极大地影响了其他教师的积极性,也有可能导致权力寻租,甚至衍生腐败。教师通过公开、公平、公正的选调考试,凭自身实力获得发展机会,有利于激励教师勤奋工作,促进教师流动规范化。二是加强农村师资力量。部分教师选调进城后,农村学校必然要补充教师,而刚刚大学毕业的新教师,思维活跃,朝气蓬勃,不仅能补充新鲜血液,也能发挥“鲶鱼效应”,影响年纪大的教师,促进他们更新理念,学习新知识、掌握新技能、改进教育教学方式,从而提高农村教育教学水平。

    然而,在认真思考过后我发现,这看似两全其美的做法,却对教师队伍的整体发展有着不可忽视的弊端。

    一是降低了整体师资水平。在师范生包分配时期,能考上师范学校的都是成绩拔尖的学生,生源质量好。但目前,仅面向农村学校招聘教师,难以吸引一本院校毕业生报考,省级师范毕业的屈指可数。长此以往,教师队伍整体水平堪忧。

    二是造成农村教师结构失衡。既然是通过考试选调,能进城的必然是年轻优秀的教师,农村学校教师队伍易出现结构性断层,青黄不接,老的太老,新的太新。

    三是阻碍教师专业成长。教师的专业成长主要有三条途径,即自我学习、参加培训和老教师的传帮带。农村教师因为无法调课,外出参加培训的机会少,因此校本培养显得格外重要。老教师的引领和传帮带,可以让新教师少走弯路、错路,加快专业成长。常言道,名师出高徒。可是,经过多年考试选调,那些“名师”多已进城,让留下来的教师担当新教师培养重任,其效果可想而知。

    四是影响农村教育质量。参加工作的开始两年,属于专业适应期。刚从师范院校毕业的新教师,尽管有一定的专业知识和教育教学理论,也经过一段时间的教学实习,但毕竟缺乏教育实践经验,无论是对教材教法的掌握,还是教育方法技巧的运用,都在不断地熟悉和摸索中。而选调教师进城,一般只要求在农村学校工作满3年,一个新教师刚成长为合格教师,就要调离农村学校,农村学校岂不是成了新教师的试验田?此外,有的教师忙于准备选调考试,在教学上所花心思有限,教学质量又如何保证呢?

    人们常把组织比喻成木桶,认为一个由若干木板拼成的木桶容量是由最短的一块木板决定的,即为木桶原理。县域教师队伍好比一个木桶,木桶的容量大小就是教师整体水平的高低。从提高这只“木桶容量”来看,一是要选择长的“木板”。当代大学毕业生,理想都很丰满,可农村教学岗位的现实太骨感,在众多就业机会面前,许多优秀者选择了放弃。我认为,要引进优秀毕业生,一是要多安排县城学校岗位,甚至淡化教师城乡“户口”,真正做到“省考、县管、校聘”。二是要取长以补短。农村学校生源留不住,师资力量短缺是一个重要因素。也许有人说,新教师全部投向农村,不就是弥补这块短板吗?可新教师毕竟缺乏教育实践经验,与城区优秀教师相比,仍存在一定的差距。真正的取长补短,需要通过轮岗交流、政策倾斜、经济补偿等办法,让城区学校教师乐于到农村学校任教。

    当然,最为重要的是让城区学校成为教师培训主阵地:新招聘教师定岗在农村学校,要先放到城区学校跟班学习一至两年,然后回农村学校任教;农村学校教师需定期派到城区学校挂职培训学习;甚至可以直接面向城区学校招聘新教师,等培养成熟之后再交流到农村学校任教。

      总之,新教师成长需要一个过程,农村学校不宜成为新教师成长的第一块试验田。(江西省奉新县教育局段太勇)


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2015年09月11日 16:55:49

2016年陕西高考英语命题改革利弊分析及对高中教学的影响

2016年陕西高考英语命题改革利弊分析及对高中教学的影响

据传,2016年陕西高考英语命题将进行改革,有采用全国课标卷I说,也有采用全国课标卷II说,姑且不论采用那套全国课标卷,2016年陕西省高考数学、英语两门课程不再自主命题似乎是板上钉钉不可逆转的事情。高考命题改革不是小事一桩,它将直接影响高中的数学和英语教学以及复习备考的方向,所以必须引起高度重视。

我们还是先对两套试卷进行简要的对比分析,找出其异同点吧。

2015年高考英语试题为例进行比对分析:

陕西高考英语卷

全国课标卷II

卷别

题型

小题数与分值

卷别

题型

小题数与分值

I

95

语音知识

5×1=5

I

100

听力

20×1.5=30

情景对话

5×1=5

阅读理解一

15×2=30

语法和词汇知识

15×1=15

阅读理解二

5×2=10

完形填空

20×1.5=30

完形填空

20×1.5=30

阅读理解

20×2=40

II

50

短文填空

10×1.5=15

II

55

单词拼写

10×1=10

短文改错

10×1=10

短文改错

10×1.5=15

书面表达

25

书面表达

30

透过试卷结构简要比对表可以初步看出,其相同点:

1、都为两卷制,即选择题和非选择题,且分值差异不大;

2、都有阅读理解,且分值都比较大;

3、都有完形填空,且分值相当;

4、都有短文改错,且分值差异不大;

5、都有书面表达,且分值差异不大。

其不同点:

1、两卷赋分不同,全国课标卷II更偏重对基础知识和其运用的考查;

2、全国课标卷II有听力考查,更符合语言学习和运用的规律;

3、陕西卷的单词拼写为单句设置,语境较为简单,且答案多唯一;全国课标卷为短文填空,语境更为复杂,10个空互不独立,具有一定的关联性,但根据所给答案看,有一空两个答案的情况,更具灵活性。

4、写是语言运用的一项要求,难度较高,听读在试卷中占比大符合英语作为一门外语的实际情况,就学习一门外语来说,最终是为了运用;就运用来说,其顺序和板块占比是听→说→读→写,显然写的占比较小,而且就写本身来讲,对于高中生和对学生来说,也是初级的写作。

高考英语命题改革对高中英语教学的影响:

1、重视听力教学,听力测试在高考试题中占30分,占总分的20%,必须给予高度重视。高三年级应加强听力训练,让学生尽快适应,其它年级应从2015年秋季起,每周至少开设一节听力课。实际上对于要参加2016年高考的学生来讲,应付陕西卷的语音知识、单项选择的难度要远大于听力测试。语音知识和单项选择两道大题难度虽然不是很大,但其命题范围很广,考前花费大量时间复习语法和词汇知识,其实高考时难拿高分。反观听力测试,就其使用的词汇和句子的语法结构来讲,基本全是常见常用词和简单的句子,内容也多为课标上所列的功能意念项目,为学生所熟知。花费等量的时间去复习训练单项选择和听力,相信在听力上的收获将会更令人满意。

2、重视阅读的教学与训练。关于这点无需多谈,因为大家都知道赢得阅读即赢得胜利。

3、坚决减少对于词汇的过多过繁的讲练,适度的拓宽即可,把指导学生活学活用作为指导方针,不光存在心里,更要落实在行动上。

4、就我区往年的传统作法而言,第一轮的复习普遍比较扎实,耗时也较多,但采用全国卷以后,必须扭转对于词汇过多过繁的讲练,因为全国卷在词汇方面重点考查的是活用,讲得多不能代替用的活,运用能力是练出来的不是讲出来的。应将在这方面腾出来的时间用在听力训练、阅读训练和写作训练上。

5、相对于陕西高考二卷的单词拼写,我觉得全国课标卷的短文填空题的更利于广大考生,想想看教科书上练过的短文填空题目还真不少,学生对此并不陌生。短文填空题的语境相对比较丰富、完整,再加上通过行文、文意和句意的综合判断,可保基本无虞,因此无须徒增烦恼。


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2015年09月11日 16:54:00

一周工作小结(9月6日~11日)

1、安排室内双休日、节假日值班,轮流值周检查岗位履职情况

2、思考如何开展、加强高中英语听力教学与测试工作,拟制定有关高中英语听力教学与测试的要求

3、参加区教育工会工作会

4、参加单位全体会,听取工作总结交流及教研心得交流

5、完成其它工作任务


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2015年09月07日 16:12:42

批判性思维:给孩子打上创新的底色

批判性思维:给孩子打上创新的底色

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      在生存竞争越来越激烈的当今,创新是一切竞争的核心问题,也是能否领先世界的根本问题。所以,创新被定义为一个民族的灵魂。这里最大的问题是,我们必须把批判和批斗分开,批斗是致人于死地的手段,批判是分清是非的一种认知。为了培育大批创新人才,我们需要重新认识批判性思维,并且让它成为一种社会风气和人们的日常性思维。在家庭中,父母发掘和呵护孩子的批判性思维,对孩子来讲意味深远。

        为什么提倡批判性思维

      “孔融让梨”的故事,是中国千百年来道德教育的典范,这个故事在美国小学课堂上已被小朋友们批判得体无完肤。在美国小学生眼里,“这个故事不好,鼓励主观武断,剥夺了民主,这种扭曲自己的欲望去赢得赞扬的做法是一种不健康的心理行为。”

        北京某国际学校,有几个华裔孩子,大部分都接受过国外的早期教育。四年级某班四个同学决定集体过生日。他们的妈妈想利用生日聚会,有“预谋”地培养孩子对问题的见解和批判性思维。

        在生日聚会上一位妈妈说:“妈妈们希望你们长大后快乐幸福并有出息……你们知道中国有个‘愚公移山’的故事吗?”说着便粗略讲了愚公挖山不止的故事。话音一落小朋友们抢着说:“就算我祖爷爷、爷爷、爸爸都像愚公那样一辈子挖山不止,挖了几辈子山,那山仍庞大无比,这种没有成果的傻事,我可不学他们。”“对呀!智叟也不一定就没有意志呀,也许智叟很轻松地就解决了愚公的问题呢”……没想到让我们几代人学习并坚信不已的愚公“挖山”的坚韧意志,竟被几个“00后”的小孩给否定了。这些孩子以自己纯洁的认知去影响着这个世界,它告诉我们:

        ●批判性思维,不让你盲从和模仿别人的知识和方法,而是让你自己去认识事物的本质,即“去伪存真”地全面了解和掌握合理而正确的思维及其基本原则、规则、要求、技巧方法和训练,从而更新认知,改变我们处理问题的视角和价值观,最终以创新去推动社会向前发展。所以它是创新的火眼金睛。

        ●批判性思维,它让你突破思维的僵化与奴化,以崭新的视角去观察问题、处理问题,它是创新思维的重要元素,是创新必备的第一素养,也是人才与奴才的根本区别。因为创新是人才的本质。人才是以创新绩效大小而论其层次高低的根本依据,如一般性人才、精英或英才等,它不是以学历、职称而论的。

        缺乏批判性思维的人往往走两个极端:或者自以为是,或者易受他人暗示。他们因没有日常的批判性思维,面对复杂的社会形势无力通过分析、评价做出正确的判断与选择。

        批判性思维是什么

        在生日聚会上,爸妈们继续在说。第二位妈妈说:“我们都想当个好妈妈,我向妈妈们推荐一本国内卖得很火爆的书:《好妈妈胜过好老师》。”话音一落,孩子们就七嘴八舌地抢着说:“我妈妈的好和老师不一样,要是我妈再读了这本书,变成更好的妈妈了,我是不是就可以不上学了?”“为什么好妈妈非要胜过好老师呢?这好比是好裤子胜过好上衣,好袜子胜过好鞋子。”“这也许是作者为了强调妈妈的重要性吧?也可能是作者的自我感受吧?”……孩子们认为妈妈和老师谁也不能取代谁。

        接着一位爸爸说:“你们说得都有道理,你们觉得这本书叫什么名字好呢?”孩子们安静思考了片刻后说:“《什么是好妈妈》”“《好妈妈就是好老师》”“《好妈妈就是好家教》”等起了近十个名字。“要是作者能听到你们的建议,她一定会思考的。”这位爸爸高兴地说。

      孩子们思维严谨,很有想象力(发散思维)。以上也说明了:

        ●批判性思维,是创新的重要元素,它从质疑开始,而且是一系列的质疑性思维技巧。它不是吹毛求疵,不是故意挑刺找茬,更不是无理取闹。

        ●批判性思维,是在各种各样的质疑、假设下,进行充分论证和客观的检验。它不是不遵守科学规律、胡批乱判、没有任何价值的瞎说。

        ●批判性思维,是一种日常的思维方式,是对问题“评头论足”地分析判别和评论好坏,然后否弃错误,确定什么该相信、什么不该相信的清晰敏锐的观点。它不是打倒一切、置人于死地的批斗式思维。

        ●批判性思维,是一种基本思维的观点、方法和技巧。它不是从已知信息中去寻找答案的一元化思维,即独裁式思维。

        其实,从20世纪80年代以来,美国、英国、加拿大、澳大利亚等发达国家都把培养学生的批判性思维作为创新教育的首要目标之一。在美国大学里,“批判性思维”是让思维走出误区的一门独立的课程。中国想要培育更多的创新人才,首先必须让孩子们从小形成批判性思维。

        批判性思维培养途经及方法

        批判性思维不仅可以学,而且可以教,它是家庭和学校创新教育的切入点。美国英才教育有两个基本的童子功训练,就是“批判性阅读”和“批判性聆听”训练,很值得借鉴。因为,语言是思维表达的工具。思维通过口说、文字及肢体语言来表达其部分意义。所以“说、写、读、听”都是大有学问的智慧,也都是当代做人的基本功。

        “说与写”:好口才、好文笔就是好人才。

        “说与写”要从小培养。学校可以通过演讲比赛和作文比赛训练学生。在家庭教育中,首先家长的语言是孩子模仿的榜样。平时家长要告诉孩子,什么话该在什么时侯说,什么话不该说。比如家里来了客人,不能当客人的面说:“该吃饭了”或“我们出去买东西吧”,等等。这些话的潜台词是:“你快走吧!”平时,家长要多鼓励孩子与客人打招呼,鼓励孩子主动去和别人商讨问题(即谈判)等,这些都是不可忽视的训练。如上文创意的“生日party”,家长提出问题孩子们抢着说,也是很好的训练。

        关于写的训练,只要家长有训练孩子的意识,随处可以找到话题。这里有一个训练孩子批判性思辩能力的故事。

        晚上妈妈给女儿吃了一块蛋糕,她还想吃。妈妈无力说服7岁的女儿,只好说:“你爸现在还在开会,你用我的手机发个短信问问他吧!”

        女儿拿过手机便写道:“爸爸,我刚吃了一块蛋糕,妈妈不让我吃了,我还想吃。”

        爸爸回复说:“晚上甜食不能吃太多,吃多了牙会坏的。”向孩子提出问题。

        女儿又写道:“那妈妈为什么早上不给我吃,非要晚上让我吃呢?”

        爸爸回复说:“妈妈早上来不及买,晚上下了班才去买的呀。”

        女儿又强调似地写道:“晚上我吃完后会刷牙的!!”双方相互辩解。

        爸爸又回复说:“好吃的东西不能一次都吃完呀,明天早上再吃不行吗?”爸爸又抛出疑问。

        女儿沉思了一会儿后,继续追问地写道:“爸爸,你不是说过今天能干完的事不要拖到明天吗?蛋糕我今天能吃完……”爸爸已无语回复了。但他在思考:这个简单的辩论,他失败在哪儿?

        “读与听”:突破对书本和权威的迷信。

        “读”和“听”是获得知识与信息的重要手段,也是人生要掌握的重要能力。然而在中国母语教育中,却是长期被忽视的智慧。特别是批判性阅读与批判性聆听,是创新教育的重要任务。

        哈佛告诉它的学生:“书本传播了知识,传播了真理,但书本也传播了谬误。”比如阅读《灰姑娘的故事》,可以问问孩子们,这个故事中有一个很大的漏洞,请问在哪里?大作家也会犯错误的。再比如阅读《愚公移山》等文章后,能否提出问题并进行批判呢?

        关于聆听,家长要从小训练孩子,聆听时要认真听别人在说什么,而不是只听别人怎么说。如果听课时只关注老师怎么说这个表皮,而未听到这堂课的实质,那将是一个不会学习的学生。

        批判性聆听是指:对各种长度的口头报告、电影、话剧、小品相声、谈话等,能否有效地从不同口气、不同视角对内容等作出分析、评价。它是一个人能力的表现,也是人才与庸才的重要区别。比如看完一个小品,家长可以问问孩子,这个小品幽默吗?哪几句话最幽默?主角是个什么样的人?等等。

实际上“说、写、读、听”是一门永无止境的学问。这门学问也不能光靠家长和老师去教,那是很有限的,更重要的是靠每个人在日常生活和学习中主动地学习和领悟。家长的责任不仅是教会孩子质疑、激励孩子质疑、帮助孩子质疑,还要呵护孩子的好奇心,培养孩子的洞察力,帮助孩子去探索并寻求答案。(转自《中国教育报》)


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2015年09月07日 09:26:50

2015年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标I卷)英语试题

2015年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标I)英语试题

注意事项:

  1.本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。第Ⅰ卷1页至10页,第Ⅱ卷11页至13页。

  2.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名,准考证号填写在本试卷相应的位置。

  3.全部答案在答题卡上完成,搭载本试卷上无效。

  4.第Ⅰ卷听力部分满分30分,不计入总分,考试成绩录取时提供给高校作参考。

  5.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

                              第Ⅰ卷

第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)

    做题时,现将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A,B,C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例: How much isthe shirt?

A.£ 19.15              B.£ 9.18                C.£9.15

答案是C

1.What time is it now?

A. 9:10 B.9:50 C.10:00

2.What does the woman think of the weather?

A. It’s nice. B. It’s warm. C. It’s cold.

3.What will the man do?

A. Attend a meeting B. Give a lecture C.Leave his office

4.What is the woman’s opinion about thecourse?

A. Too hard B. Worth taking C. Very easy.

5.What does the woman want the man to do?

A. Speak louder B. Apologize to her C. Turnoff the radio.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)(http://www.171english.cn)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给我ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段对话,回答第67 题。

6.How long did Michael stay in China?

A,Five days. B. One week C.Two weeks

7.Where did Michael go last year?

A. Russia B. Norway C. India

听第7段对话,回答第89题。

8.What food does Sally like?

A. Chicken B. Fish C. Eggs

9.What are the speakers going to do?

A. Cook dinner B. Go shopping C. Orderdishes

听第8段对话,回答第1012题。

10. Where are the speakers?

A. In a hospital B. In the office C. Athome

11.When is the report due?

A. Thursday B. Friday C. Next Monday

12.What does George suggest Stephanie dowith the report?

A. Improve it B. Hand it in later C. Leaveit with him.

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13.What is the probable relationshipbetween the speakers?

A. Salesperson and customer B. Homeownerand cleaner C. Husband and wife

14.What kind of apartment do the speakersprefer?

A. One with two bedrooms. B. One withoutfurniture C. One near a market.

15.How much rend should one pay for theone-bedroom apartment?

A.350. B. 400. C. 415

16.Where is the apartment the speakerswould like to see?

A. On Lake Street. B. On Market Street. C. On South Street.

听第10材料,回答第1720题。

17.What percentage of the world’s teaexports go to Britain?

A. Almost 15% B. About 30% C. Over 40%

18.Why do tea tasters taste tea with milk?

A. Most British people drink tea that way.

B. Tea tastes much better with milk.

C. Tea with milk is healthy.

19.Who suggests a price for each tea?

A.Tea tasters. B. Tea exporters. C. Teacompanies.

20.What is the speaker talking about?

A. The life of tea tasters.

B. Afternoon tea in Britain.

C. The London Tea Trade Centre.

第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分60分)

第一节  (共15小题;每小题3分,满分45分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABC、和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

MonthlyTalks at London Canal Museum

  Our monthly talks start at 19:30 on the first Thursday of each monthexcept August. Admission is at normal charges and you don’t need to book. Theyend around 21:00.

November 7th

The Canal Pioneers, by Chris Lewis. JamesBrindley is recognized as one of the leading early canal engineers. He was alsoa major player in training others in the art of canal planning and building.Chris Lewis will explain how Brindley made such a positive contribution to theeducation of that group of early “civil enginers”.

December 5th

Ice for the Metropolis, by Malcolm Tucker.Well before the arrival of freezers, there was a demand for ice for foodpreservation and catering, Malcolm will explain the history of importingnatural ice and the technology of building ice wells, and how London’s icetrade grew.

February 6th

An Update on the Cotsword Canals, by LizPayne. The Stroudwater Canal is moving towardsreopening. The Thames and Severn Canal will take a littlelonger. We will have a report on the present state of play.

March 6th

Eyots and Aits- Thames Islands, by MirandaVickers. The Thames had many islands. Mirandahas undertaken a review of all of them. She will tell us about those ofgreatest interest.

            Online bookings:www.canalmuseum.org.uk/book

              Moreinto:www.canalmuseum.org.uk/whatson

                      London Canal Museum

                12-13 New Wharf Road, LondonNI 9RT

                  Tel:020 77130836

21.When is the talk on James Brindley?

A. February 6th.

B. March 6th.

C. November 7th.

D. December 5th.

22. What is the topic of the talk inFebruary?

A. The Canal Pioneers.

B. Ice for the Metropolis

C. Eyots and Aits- Thames Islands

D. An Update on the Cotsword Canals

23. Who will give the talk on the islandsin the Thames.

A. Miranda Vickers

B. Malcolm Tucker

C. Chris Lewis

D. Liz Payne

                                      B

The freezing Northeast hasnt been a terribly fun place tospend time this winter, so when the chance came for a weekend to Sarasota,Florida, my bags were packed before you could say sunshine. I left for the land of warmth andvitamin C(维生素C),thinking of beaches and orange trees. When we touched down to blue skies andwarm air, I sent up a small prayer of gratefulness. Swimming pools, winetasting, and pink sunsets(at normal evening hours, not 4 in the afternoon) filled the weekend, but the bestpart- particularly to my taste, dulled by months of cold- weather rootvegetables- was a 7 a.m.adventure to the Sarasota farmers’ market that proved to be more than worth theearly wake-up call.

Themarket, which was founded in 1979, sets up its tents every Saturday from 7:00am to 1 p.m, rain or shine, along North Lemon and State streets. Baskets ofperfect red strawberries, the red-painted sides of the Java Dawg coffee truck;and most of all, the tomatoes: amazing, large, soft and round red tomatoes.

Disappointed by many a broken,vine-ripened(蔓上成熟的)promise, Ive refused tobuy winter tomatoes for years. No matter how attractive they look in the store,once I get them home theyre unfailingly dry, hard, and tasteless. But I homed in, with uncertainty,on one particular table at the Brown’s Grove Farm’s stand, full of fresh andsoft tomatoes the size of my fist. These were the real deal- and at thatmoment, I realized that the best part of Sarasotain winter was going to be eating things that back home in New York I wouldn’t be experiencing againfor months.

Delighted as I was by the tomatoes in sight,my happiness deepened when I learned that Brown’s Grove Farm is one of thesuppliers for Jack Dusty, a newly opened restaurant at the Sarasota RitzCarlton, where- luckily for me- I was planning to have dinner that very night.Without even seeing the menu, I knew I’d be ordering every tomato on it.

24. What did the author think of her winterlife in New York?

A. Exciting.  B. Boring.  C. Relaxing.    D. Annoying.

25. What made the author’s getting up lateearly worthwhile?

A. Having a swim.

B. Breathing in fresh air.

C. Walking in the morning sun.

D. Visiting a local farmer’s market.

26. What can we learn about tomatoes soldin New Yorkin winter?

A. They are soft.

B. They look nice.

C. They taste great.

D. They are juicy.

27. What was the author going to thatevening?

A. Go to a farm.

B. Check into a hotel.

C. Eat in a restaurant.

D. Buy fresh vegetables.

C

Salvador Dali (1904-1989) was one of the mostpopular of modern artists. The Pompidou Centre in Paris is showing its respect and admirationfor the artist and his powerful personality with an exhibition bringingtogether over 200 paintings, sculptures, drawings and more. Among the works andmasterworks on exhibition the visitor will find the best pieces, mostimportantly The Persistence of Memory. There is also L’Enigme sans Fin from1938, works on paper, objects, and projects for stage and screen and selectedparts from television programmes reflecting the artist’s showman qualities.

The visitor will enter the World of Dalithrough an egg and is met with the beginning, the world of birth. Theexhibition follows a path of time and subject with the visitor exiting throughthe brain.

The exhibition shows how Dali draws theviewer between two infinities (无限). From theinfinity small to the infinity large, contraction and expansion coming in andout of focus: amazing Flemish accuracy and the showy Baroque of old paintingthat he used in his museum-theatre in Figueras,” explains the Pompidou Centre.

The fine selection of the major works wasdone in close collaboration (合作)with the Museo Nacional Reina Sofia in Madrid, Spain, and withcontributions from other institutions like the Salvador Dali Museum in St. Petersburg.

28. Which of the following best describeDali according to Paragraph 1?

A. Optimistic.    B. Productive      C. Generous.      D. Traditional.

29. What is Dali’s The Persistence ofMemory considered to be?

  A.One of his masterworks.

  B.A successful screen adaptation.

  C.An artistic creation for the stage.

  D.One of the beat TV programmes.

30. How are the exhibits arranged at theWorld of Dali?

A. By popularity.

B. By importance.

C. By size and shape.

D. By time and subject.

31. What does the word “contributions” inthe last paragraph refer to?

  A.Artworks.    B. Projects.      C. Donations.      D. Documents.

D

Conflict is on the menu tonight at the caféLa Chope. This evening, as on every Thursday night, psychologist Maud Lehanneis leading two of France’sfavorite pastimes, coffee drinking and the “talking cure”. Here they arelearning to get in touch with their true feelings. It isnt always easy. They customers-somethirty Parisians who pay just under $2 (plus drinks) per session---are quick tointellectualize (高谈阔论)slow to open up and connect. You are forbidden to say one feels, or people think,Lehane toldthem. “Say ‘I think,’ ‘Think me’.”

A café society where no intellectualizingis allowed? It couldn’t seem more un-French. But Lehanne’s psychology café isabout more than knowing oneself: It’s trying to help the city’s troubledneighborhood cafes. Over the years, Parisian cafes have fallen victim tochanges in the French lifestyle-longer working hours, a fast food boom and ayounger generation’s desire to spend more time at home. Dozens of new themecafes appear to change the situation. Cafes focused around psychology, history,and engineering are catching on, filling tables well into the evening.

32.What are people encouraged to do at thecafe La Chope?

A. Learn a new subject

B. Keep in touch with friends.

C. Show off their knowledge.

D. Express their true feelings.

33. How are cafes affected by Frenchlifestyle changes?

A. They are less frequently visited.

B. They stay open for longer hours.

C. They have bigger night crowds.

D. They start to serve fast food.

34. What are theme cafes expected to do?

A. Create more jobs.

B. Supply better drinks.

C. Save the cafe business.

D. Serve the neighborhood.

35. Why are psychology cafes becomingpopular in Paris?

A. They bring people true friendship.

B. They give people spiritual support.

C. They help people realize their dreams.

D. They offer a platform for businesslinks.

第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

Building Trust in a Relationship Again

Trust is a learned behavior that we gainfrom past experiences. 36 .That is a risk. But you can’t be successful whenthere’s a lack of trust in a relationship that results from an action where thewrongdoer takes no responsibility to fix the mistake.

Unfortunately, we’ve all been victims ofbetrayal. Whether we’ve been stolen from, lied to , misled, or cheated on,there are different levels of losing trust. Sometimes people simply can’t trustanymore. 37.  It’s understandable, but ifyou’re willing to build trust in a relationship again, we have some steps youcan take to get you there.

38  Having confidence in yourselfwill help you make better choices because you can see what the best outcomewould be for your well-being.

39  If you’ve been betrayed, youare the victim of your circumstance. But there’s a difference between being avictim and living with a “victim mentality”. At some point in all of our lives,we’ll have our trust tested or violated.

You didn’t lose “everything”. Once trust islost, what is left? Instead of looking at the situation from this hopelessangle, look at everything you still have and be thankful for all of the good inyour life. 40  Instead, it’s a healthyway to work through the experience to allow room for positive growth andforgiveness.

A. Learn to really trust yourself.

B. It is putting confidence in someone.

C. Stop regarding yourself as the victim.

D. Remember that you can expect the best in return.

E. They’ve been too badly hurt and they can’t bear to let it happen again.

F. This knowledge carries over in their attitude toward their futurerelationships.

G. Seeing the positive side of things doesn’t mean you’re ignoring whathappened.

第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45

第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题15分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

My kids and I were heading into thesupermarket over the weekend. On the way ,we spotted a man holding a piece ofpaper that said, “ __41___ my job. Family to Feed.”

At this store, a __42___ like this is notnormal. My 10-year-old noticed him and make a __43____ on how bad it must be tohave to stand ___44____ in the cold wind.

In the store, I asked each of my kids to__45___ something they thought our “friend” there would ___46___. They gotapples, a sandwich and a bottle of juice. Then my 17-year-old suggested givinghim a ___47____. I thought about it. We were ___48__ on cash ourselves, but…well, sometimes __49___ from our need instead of our abundance is ___50__ whatwe need to do! All the kids __51____ something they could do away with for theweek.

When we handed him the bag of __52__, helit up and thanked us with ___53__ eyes. When I handed him the gift card,saying he could use it for __54____his family might need, he burst into tears.

This has been a wonderful ___55__ for ourfamily. For days the kids have been looking for others we can __56___! Thingswould have played out so __57____ if I had simply said, “No, we really don’thave ___58___ to give more.” Stepping out not only helped a brother in __59___,it also gave my kids the __60____ taste of helping others. It’ll go a long waywith them.

41. A. Lost        B. Changed      C. Quit    D. Finished

42. A condition    B. place        C. sight        D. show

43. A. suggestion      B. comment      C. decision    D. call

44. A. outside      B. proudly      C. by          D. angrily

45. A. draw        B. say          C. arrange      D. pick

46. A. order            B. supply      C. appreciate      D. discover

47. A. dollar          B. job          C. hot meal    D. gift card

48. A. easy        B. low          C. soft    D. loose

49. A. giving          B. saving      C. spending    D. begging

50. A. yet          B. even    C. still        D. just

51. A. declared    B. shared      C. ignored      D. expected

52. A . toys            B. medicine    C. food    D. clothes

53. A. sleepy          B. watery      C. curious      D. sharp

54. A. whoever      B. whatever    C. whichever        D. whenever

55. A. experience      B. example      C. message      D. adventure

56. A. rely on      B. respect      C. learn from      D. help

57. A. suddenly    B. vividly      C. differently  D. perfectly

58. A. time        B. power        C. patience    D. money

59. A. fear        B. love    C. need    D. memory

60. A. strong          B. sweet        C. strange      D. simple

II

第三部分英语知识运用(共两节  满分55

第二节  阅读下面材料,用不多于1个单词的正确形式填空

Yangshuo, China

It was raining lightly when I__61__(arrive)in Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn’t care. A few hours__62__, I’d been athome in Hong Kong, with __63_(it) chokingsmog. Here, the air was clean and fresh, even with the rain.

I’d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seekingthe limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River_64__are pictured byartists in so many Chinese _65__(painting). Instead, I ‘d head straight forYangshuo. For those who fly to Guilin,it’s only an hour away__66_ car and offers all the scenery of the better-knowncity.

Yangshuo__67__(be) really beautiful. Astudy of travelers_68__(conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo asone of the top 10 destinations in the world. And the town is fast becoming apopular weekend destination for people in Asia.Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it___(regular)arranges quick getaways here for people_70__(live) in Shanghaiand Hong Kong.

第四部分写作  (共两节 满分35

第一节短文改错(10分)

When I was a child, I hoped to live in thecity. I think I would be happy there. Now I am living in a city ,but I miss myhome in countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green.Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment hasbeen polluted. Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has alreadybecome a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier anddirtier. Much rare animals are dying out . We must found ways to protect yourenvironment. If we fail to do so ,we’ll live to regret it .

第二节书面表达

    假定你是李华,你校英文报“外国文化”栏目拟刊登美国节日风俗和中学生生活的短文。请给美国朋友彼得写信约稿,要点如下:

1.  栏目介绍。

2.  稿件内容;

3.  稿件长度:约400词汇

4.  交稿日期:628前天

注意:

1.  词数100左右;

2.  可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯的;

3.  开头语已为你写好。


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2015年09月07日 09:21:38

2015年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试新课标II卷

2015年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试新课标II

英语试题(附答案)

  本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第Ⅰ卷

注意事项:

1. 答第Ⅰ卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2. 选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。

第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)

  做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从试题所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much isthe shirt?

  A.£19.15              B. £9.18                C. £9.15

答案是C

1.What time is it now?

A. 9:10                    B. 9:50                C.10:00

2.What does the woman think of the weather?

A. It’s nice                B. It’s warm            C. It’s cold

3.What will the man do?

A. Attend a meeting        B. Give a lecture        C. Leave his office

4.What is the woman’s opinion about thecourse?

A. Too hard                B. Worth taking        C. Very easy

5. What does the woman want the man to do ?

A. Speak louder.      B. Apologize to her.      C. Turn off the radio.

第二节  (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6. How long did Michael stay in China?

A. Five days.      B. One week.    C.Two weeks.

7. Where did Michael go last year?

A. Russia.        B. Norway.      C. India.

听第7段材料,回答第89

8.Whet food does Sally like?

A.Cook dinner.    B.Fish.            C.Eggs.

9.What are the speakers going to do?

A.Cook dinner.        B.Go shopping.        C.Order dishes.

听第8段材料,回答第1012.

10.Where are the speakers?

A.In a hospital.  B.In the office.  C.At home.

11.When is the report due ?

A.Thursday.          B.Friday.        C.Next Monday.

12.What does George suggest Stephanie dowith the report?

A.Improve it.

B.Hand it in later.

C.Leave it with him.

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13.What is the probable relationshipbetween the speakers?

  A.Salesperson and customer.

  B.Homeowner and cleaner.

  C.Husband and wife.

14.What kind of apartment do the speakersprefer?

A.One with two bedrooms.

B.One without furniture.

C.One near a market.

15.How much rent should one pay for theone-bedroom apartment?

  A.350            B. 400          C. 415

16.Where is the apartment the speakerswould like to see?

  A.On Lake Street    B.On  Market      C.On South Street.

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17.What percentage of the world’s teaexports go to Britain?

  A.Almost 15%      B.About 30%      C.Over 40%

18.Why do tea taster taste tea with miik?

  A.Most British people drink tea that way.

  B.Tea tastes much better with milk.

  C.Tea with milk is healthy.

19.Who suggests a price for each tea?

  A.Tea tasters.

  B.Tea esporters.

  C.Tea companies.

20.What is the speaker talking about?

  A.The life of tea tasters.

  B.Afternoon tea in Britain.

  C.The London Tea Trade Centre.

第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

                                        A

My color television has given me nothing but a headache.I was able to buyit a little over a year ago  because I hadmy relatives give me  money for mybirthday instead of a lot of clothes that wouldn’t fit. I let a salesclerk foolme into buying a discontinued model, I realized this a day later, when I sawnewspaper advertisements for the set at seventy-five dollars less than I hadpaid, The set worked so beautifully when I first got it home that I would keepit on until stations signed off for the night. Fortunately, I didn’t got anychannels showing all-night movies or I would never have gotten to bed.

Then I started developing a problem withthe set that involved static (静电) noise. For some reason, when certain shows switched into acommercial, a loud noise would sound for a few seconds. Gradually,this noisebegan to appear during a show, and to get rid of it, I had to change to anotherchannel and then change it back. Sometimes this technique would not work, and Ihad to pick up the set and shake it to remove the sound. I actually began tobuild up my arm muscles(肌肉) shaking my set.

When neither of these methods removed thestatic noise ,I would sit helplessly and wait for the noise to go away.At last I ended up hitting the set with myfist,and it stopped working altogether .My trip to the repair shop cost me $62,and the set is working well now,but I keep expecting more trouble.

21.Why did the author say he was fooledinto buying the TV set?

A.He got an older model than he hadexpected.

B.He couldn’t return it when it was broken.

C.He could have bought it at a lower price.

D.He failed to find any movie shows on it.

22.Which of the following can best replacethe phrase”signed off”in Paragraph 1?

A.ended all their programs

B.provided fewer channels

C.changed to commercials

D.showed all-night movies

23.How did the author finally get his TVset working again?

A. By shaking and hitting it.

B. By turning it on and off.

C. By switching channels.

D. By having it repaired.

24. How does the anthor sound when tellingthe story ?

A. Curious

B. Anxious

C. Cautious

D. Humorous

B

Your house may have an effect on your figure . Experts say the way youdesign your home could play a role in whether you pack on the pounds or keepthem off . You can make your environment work for you instead of against you .Here are some ways to turn your home into part of diet plan.

Open the curtains and turn up the lights . Dark environments are morelikely to encourage overeating , for people are often less self-conscious(难为情)when theyre in poorly lit places---and somore likely to eat lots of food . If your home doesnt have enough window light , getmore lamps and flood the place with brightness.

Mind the colors . Research suggests warm colors fuel our appetites . In onestudy , people who ate meals in a blue room consumed 33 percent less than thosein a yellow or red room . Warm colors like yellow make tood appear moreappetizing , while cold colors make us feel less hungry . So when it’s time torepaint , go blue.

    Dont forget the clock-or the radio. People who eat slowly tend toconsume about 70 fewer calories(卡路里) per meal than those who rush through their meals. Begin keepingtrack of the time, and try to make dinner last at least 30 minutes, And whileyoure at it,actually sit down to eat. If you need some help slowing down , turn on relaxingmusic. It makes you less likely to rush through a meal.

  Downsize the dishs, Big serving bowls and plates can easily make us fat.We eat about 22 percent more when using a 12-inch plate instead of a 10-inchplate. When we choose a large spoon over a smaller one ,total intake(摄入) jumps by 14 percent. And well pour about 30 percent moreliquid into a short, wide glass than a tall, skinny glass.

25.The text is especially helpful for thosewho care about_______.

  A. their home comforts

  B. their body shape

  C. house buying

  D. healthy diets

26.A home environment in blue can helppeople_________.

  A.digest food better

  B.reduce food intake

  C.burn more calories

  D.regain their appetites

27.What are people advised to do atmealtimes?

  A.Eat quickly.

    B.Playfast music.

  C.Use smaller spoons.

  D.Turn down the lights.

28.What can be a suitable title for thetest?

  A.Is Your Hourse Making You Fat?

  B.Ways of Serving Dinner

  C.Effects of Self-Consciousness

  D.Is Your Home Environment Relaxing?

C

  More student than ever before are taking a gap-year (间隔年)before going to university. Itused to be called the year off between school and university. The gap-year phenomenon originated(起源) with the months left over toOxbridge applicants between entrance exams in November and the start of thenext academic year.

  This year, 25,310 students who have accepted places in higher educationinstitutions have put off their entry until next year, according to statisticson university entrance provided by University and College AdmissionsService(UCAS).

  That is a record 14.7% increase in the number of students taking a gapyear. Tony Higgins from UCAS said that the statistics are good news foreveryone in higher education. “Students who take a well-planned year out aremore likely to be satisfied with, and complete, their chosen course. Studentswho take a gap year are often more mature and responsible,” he said.

  But not everyone is happy. Owain James, the president of the NationalUnion of Students(NUS), argued that the increase is evidence of student hadship – young people are being forced into earning money before finishing theireducation. “New students are now aware that they are likely to leave universityup to 15,000 indebt. It is not surprising that more and

More students are taking a gap year to earnmoney to support their study for the degree.NUS statistics show that over40%  of students  are forced  to  work during  term  time and  the  figure increases  to 90% during  vacation periods,” he said.

29. What do we learn about the gap yearfrom the text?

  A.It is flexible in length.

  B.It is a time for relaxation.

  C.It is increasingly popular.

  D.It is required by universities.

30. According to Tony Higgins,studentstaking a gap year______.

A.are better prepared for college studies

B.know a lot more about their future jobs

C.are more likely to leave university in debt

D.have a better chance to enter top universities

31. How does Owain James feel about thegap-year phenomenon?

  A.He's puzzled.

  B.He's worried.

  C.He's surprised.

D.He's annoyed.

32. What would most students do on theirvacation according to NUS statistics?

A.Attend additional courses.

  B.Make plans for the new term.

C.Earn money for their education.

D.Prepaer for their graduate studies.

D

Choose Your One-Day Tours

Tour A-Bath & Stonehenge includingentrance fees to the ancient Roman bathrooms and Stonehenge-37 until 26 March and 39 thereafter.

Visit the city with over 2,000 years ofhistory and Bath Abbey, the Royal  Crescent and the Costute Mtsan. Stonehengeis one of the world’s most famous prehistoric monuments dating back over 5,000years.

Tour B-Oxford & Stratford includingentrance fees to the University St Marys Church Tower and Anne Hathaway's house32 until 12 March and 36thereafter.

Oxford: Includes a guided of Englands oldest university city andcolleges. Look over the city of dreaming spires(尖顶)form St Marys Church Tower. Stratford: Includes a guided tour exploringmuch of the Shakespeare wonder.

Tour C—Windsor Castle & Hampton Courtincluding entrance fees to Hampton Court Palace--£34 until March and £37thereafter.

Includes a guided tour of Windsor andHampton Court, Henry Mills favourite palace. Free time to visit Windsor Castleentrance fees not included. With 500 years of history, Hampton Court wasonce the home of four Kings and one Queen. Now this former royal palace ia opento the public as a major tourist attraction. Visit the palace and its varioushistoric gardens, which include the famous maze(迷宫)where it is easy to get lost!

Tour D-Cambridge including entrance fees tothe Tower of Saint Mary the

Great---£33 until 18 March and £37thereafter.

Includes a guided tour of Cambridge, the famous university town, andthe gardens of the 18th century.

33.Which tour will you choose if you wantto see England’s oldest university city?

A.Tour A

B.Tour B

C.Tour C

D.Tour D

34.Which of the following tours charges thelowest fee on 17 March?

A.Windsor Castle & Hampton Court.

B.Oxford & Stratford

C.Bath &Stonehenge.

D.Cambridge.

35.Why is Hampton Court a major tourist attraction?

A.It used to be the home of royal families.

B.It used to be a well-known maze

C.It is the oldest palace in Britain

D.It is a world-famous castle.

第二节(共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Training for a marathon requires carefulpreparation and steady,gradual increases in the length of the runs.  36  ,buy the best-fitting, best-built running shoes you can find. No one cansay which brand will work best for you or feel best on your feet, so you haveto rely on your experience and on the feel of each pair as you shop. When youhave found shoes that seem right, walk in them for a few days to double-checkthe fit. 37  .As always, you shouldstretch(伸展) at leastten minutes before each run to prevent injuries.

During the first week, do not think aboutdistance, but run five minutes longer each day. 38  ,it is wise to take a day offto rest. But during the next week, set a goal of at least a mile and a half perrun. 39 .After two weeks, start timing yourself.  40 .Depending on the kind of race you plan toenter, you can set up a timetable for the remaining weeks before the race.

A. After six days

BFor a good marathon runner

C. Before you begin your training

D. With each day, increase the distance bya half mile

E. If they still feel good, you can beginrunning in them

F. Time spent for preparation raises thequality of training

G. Now you are ready to figure out a goalof improving distance and time

第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

    Where do you go when you want to learn something? School? A friend? Atutor? These are all___41__places of learning. But it may well be that thelearning you really want ___42__somewhere else instead. I had the____43__ofseeing this first hand on a___44___.

  Mydaughter plays on a recreational soccer team. They did very well this seasonand so__45___a tournament, which normally was only for more skilled club teams.This led to some__46___experiences on Saturday as they played againstteams__47___trained. Through the first two games, her__48___did not get onserious shot on goal. As apparent, I__49___seeing my daughter playing her best,__50___ still defeated.

  Itseemed that something clicked with the__51__between Saturday and Sunday. Whenthey __52__for their Sunday game, they were__53__different. They had begun tointegrate (融合)the kindsof play and teamwork they had__54__the day before into their__55__.They playedaggressively and__56__ scored a goal.

  It__57__ me that playing against the other team was a great__58__ moment for allthe girls on the team. I think it is a general principle. __59__ is the bestteacher. The lessons they    may notbe__60__what they would have gotten in school. But are certainly more personaland meaningful, because they had to work them out on their own.

41.A.public    B.traditional      C.official  D.special

42.A.passes    B.works    C.lies      D.ends

43.A.dream      B.idea          C.habit D.chance

44.A.trip      B.holiday      C.weekend  D.square

45.A.won        B.entered      C.organized D.watched

46.A.painful        B. strange      C. common  D. practical

47.A.less      B. poorly      C. newly    D.better

48.A.fans      B.tutors        C.class D.team

49.A. imagined  B. hated        C. avoided  D.missed

50.A.if    B. or          C. but      D. as

51. A. girls        B. parents      C. coaches  D.viewers

52. A. dressed  B. showed up        C. made up  D. planned

53. A. slightly B. hardly      C. basically    D. completely

54.A. seen      B. known        C. heard    D. read

55.A.styles    B.training      C.game      D.rules

56. A. even    B. still        C. seldom  D. again

57. A. confused B. struck      C. reminded D. warned

58. A. touching B. thinking    C. encouragingD. learning

59. A. Experience  B. IndependenceC. Curiosity    D. Interest

60.A.harmful to B.mixed with        C. different fromD. applied to

II

注意:将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第二节(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

The adobe dwellings(土坯房)___61___(build) by the PuebloIndians of the American Southwest are admired by even ___62___  most modern of architects and engineers. Inaddition to their simple beauty, what makes the adobe dwellings admirable istheir __63___(able) to air conditiona house without ___64__useelectricequipment. Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days andgive out that hert__65___slowduring coolnightsthus warningthe house. When a new day breaks, the walls have given up their heat and arenow cold enough __66 _ (cool) the house during the hot day: __67__ the sametime, they warm up again for the night. This cycle  __68 __ (go) day after day: The walls warm upduring the day and  cool off during thenight and thus always a timely offset(抵消)for the outside temperatures. As __69__(nature) architects, thePueblo Indians figured out exactly__70__thick the adobe walls needed to be tomake the cycle work on most days.

四、改错写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节  短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏子符号(∧)并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

    2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  One day, little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. It wasvery crowded. Tony saw a toy on a shop window. He liked it so very much that hequickly walked into the shop. After looks at the toy for some time, he turnedaround and found where his parents were missing. Tony was scared and begun tocry. A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside a shop. Fiveminutes later, Tony saw parents. Mom said,” How nice to see you again! Dad andI were terrible worried.”Tony promised her that this would never happen again.

第二节书面表达(满分25分)

假如你是李华,计划和同学去敬老院(nursing home)陪老人们过重阳节(the Double Ninth Festival)。请给外教露西写封邮件,邀她一同前往,内容包括:

  1.出发及返回时间;

  2.活动:包饺子、表演节目等。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.结语已为你写好。

2015年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试新课标II卷英语试题答案

阅读

21. C 22. A 23. D 24. D 25. B 26. B 27. C28. A 29. C 30. A

31. B 32. C 33. B 34. D 35. A 36. C 37. E38. A 39. D 40. G

完型

41. B42. C43. D44. C45. B46. A47. D48. D49.B50. C

51. A52. B53. D54. A55. C56. A57. B58. D59.A60. C

语法填空

61.built 62.the 63.ability 64.using65.slowly 66.to cool 67.at 68.goes

69.natural 70.how

短文改错

71. parent改为parents 72. on改为in 73. very去掉

74. looks改为looking 75. where改为that 或者去掉 where

76. begun改为began 77. telling改为told 78. a改为the

79. saw后加his 80. terrible改为terribly

【参考范文】

Dear Lucy,

I’d like to invite you to join us for avisit to the nearby nursing home next Saturday for the Double Ninth Festival.It is the day for the elderly in our culture. We’ll go and make dumplings andcakes with the elderly people there. We’ll also spend some fun time togethersinging, dancing and playing games, which we hope will make them happy. Weshould be back around 4 o’clock in the afternoon. If you are able to come withus, please let us know and we’ll wait for you at the gate at 9 in the morning.

Looking forward to your reply.

Yours

Li Hua


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2015年09月07日 09:11:14

我看硖石镇的小学布局调整

硖石镇位于我区西部浅山区,人口不多,居住相对比较分散。自2003年划入我区以后,在区委、区政府的正确领导、支持和全镇干部群众的不懈努力实干苦干下,社会各项事业的发展进入了快车道,尤其是近几年来,教育基础设施和办学的软硬件、交通、乡村建设与乡村旅游等等都发生了很大变化,得到了质的提升,相信硖石的将来会越来越好。

近两年来,区教体局根据全区的实际情况,对全区的中小学进行了科学的布局调整,对教育资源进行了科学的整合,使得布局更趋合理、教育资源得到更好利用、城乡差异明显改观、教育的均衡发展得到真正落实,基础教育的办学水平与教育质量得到进一步提高,全区人民对教育系统的辛勤工作看在眼中满意在心中。

硖石镇中小学的布局调整工作和全区一样,即满足了当地群众的需求又有利于全镇教育事业的长远健康发展,可以说,工作思路与结果科学、实事求是、效果明显。

但由于山区面积较大、群众居住分散,区教体局从方便学生上学方面考虑,尽量保留小学,造成几个小学在校学生人数偏少,耗费教育资源较多的实际现象。像七家河小学、车辙小学,在校学生不足百人、个别年级只有一名学生,师资的浪费是不争的事实。

硖石镇的交通状况和学生上下学不方便的现象得到了明显改观,教育行政部门是否可以考虑进一步深化学校布局调整,进一步提高整合、统筹、合理科学配置教育资源,表面看,可能一些学生上学的路途将会增加,但从深层和长远看,受惠的仍是当地群众。


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2015年09月02日 11:00:40

一周工作计划

201592  星期三 

第一周(831~92

83192,按照区局统一安排,去硖石镇检查新学年中小学开学工作。共检查了硖石中学、红硖小学、六川河小学、七家沟小学、车辙小学和硖石中心幼儿园六家单位,总体印象良好,各校园能够按照区局要求做好开学工作,做到热烈、平稳、有序,未发现明显的安全隐患和违规收费现象;各校园91能举行升国旗仪式,正式开课,转入正轨。


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